First, in Village School taken by Margaret Bourke-White, characters and background of this photo make us feel dark and make the stifling atmosphere. Children are all seated in class and staring the camera. They just look at forward with no smile and with no facial expression. And they are in dark classroom.
Second, the photo of Children's Puppet Theatre taken by Alfred Eisenstadt, it has quite different atmosphere with Village School. Unlike the former, children in the photo have various facial expressions. Some children are smiling and some seem to scream. So, this bright and happy look makes the atmosphere much brighter and lively and vibrant.
Most of all, the main factor that makes the difference between this two photos is the focus of the camera.
In the first photo, the camera focused on their faces, their expressionless face. This focus emphasizes children's face and it makes the atmosphere much darker.
However, in Children's Puppet, the background is bright. So, we can feel cheerful atmosphere in this photo.
Taking a photograph is kind of big habit loved by many people in the world. We share our happiness and sad with our photos. And when we look it again, we can feel how our feeling was and it also affects our current feelings. Taking a good photograph means this. When the photo can make us feel sad or happy with the photo, it can be the great and impressive one to people. And it is memorable.