Many nations have tremendously changed economically and socially in the past decades. This change has influenced many nations from traditional society to modern society and it has also made people want to work less and stress less. This change as a result however led to an increasing number of singletons or with much smaller families.
In the past, more children meant more work. Unlike today, there were not many tools or machines that could substitute the physical labor that the workers had to go through. Therefore, many people especially farmers in the past gave birth to many children hoping to have more people work for them. However, today, as technology is progressively developing more and more new devices are being invented that substitutes all the work, therefore, the importance of having a big family is not as important as it used to be.
Another cause is economic distress. As nations are facing many challenges in a down economy, supporting a child is no child's play. In other words, more children mean more work and money. Therefore, many people do not consider the idea of giving birth to many children unlike the past because they do not want to go through financial pressure.
Finally, people are not as selfless as they used to be. These days more and more people are getting busier trying to get into a college, a job, or to a place and are aware that if they give birth to a child it will hinder them from achieving these goals and many people are not willing to give up or sacrifice themselves for the sake of it. Therefore, today we see more singles and a growing number of smaller families.
The change from traditional society to modern society has truly changed people's values and the way they think. Now, people are not as selfless and productive as they used to be and this change is influencing birth rates and social values. If we do not want to see change influence more people, there must be change made to prevent it from leading humanity on.